The Global Malnutrition Composite Score (GMCS) is a quality measure that will soon be available for reporting by hospitals participating in the Hospital Inpatient Quality Reporting (IQR) Program. This is an important opportunity for hospitals to address the burden of malnutrition and improve outcomes for their patients. Various tools and other resources are available to support use of the measure and ensure that the appropriate care is provided and the necessary data are collected.
Stewarded by the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics and developed by Avalere, the GMCS is the first nutrition-focused quality measure and electronic measure in any CMS payment program. With the goal of reducing and eliminating malnutrition, the measure is comprised of four components designed to identify and intervene for malnutrition, mitigate risk, and educate patients to help reduce the occurrence and its impact on health. In its recently finalized rule for the FY 2023 Inpatient Prospective Payment System (IPPS), the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) has included the GMCS as an electronic clinical quality measure (eQCM) available for hospitals to self-select to report in the Hospital (IQR) Program.
The GMCS is the first electronically-specified composite measure addressing malnutrition for hospitalized adults. Comprised of 4 components, the GMCS reflects the key steps in the malnutrition care workflow that are necessary to identify and mitigate malnutrition risk in a timely and effective manner (see full specification manual).